Spyker Farman HF.20 replica (1913) at the Louwman Museum in The Hague (Holland)
The Dutch Army Aviation Group (Luchtvaartafdeeling or LVA) was set up in 1913 as a separate division of the army. In typical Dutch fashion, the military value of the air force had to be established first. Three Farman HF.20s were ordered in France. These aircraft had a wooden frame, canvas wings and tail sections, and a rotary engine with a propeller facing the rear, pushing instead of pulling. The upper wing was larger than the lower wing. The HF.22 was an enhanced version, four of which were ordered by the Dutch Army Aviation Group. When the First World War broke out, no further orders could be placed but the aircraft arm of Skyker factory build the aeroplanes under licence. This is a replica, built by Willem Sas, of the first Farman HF.20 for the Dutch Army Aviation Group with registration LA-2 (there was no LA-1, the others were LA-3 and LA-4). The original LA-2 crashed in September 1915.
The Farman HF.20 and its derivatives were a family of reconnaissance aircraft produced by the brothers Henri and Maurice Farman in France, shortly before and during the First World War. It was a refined version of the Farman MF.11 "Shorthorn" that did away with the type's distinctive landing skids, and incorporated design features from Henri Farman's designs. The HF.20 was seriously underpowered, and a variety of engines were trialled in the hope of correcting this, none with much success. The problem was eventually solved only when an engine of twice the power of the original powerplant was fitted to the HF.27 variant, by which time the aircraft was already obsolete. Nevertheless, the performance of the Farman HF.20 made it adequate for use on secondary fronts.
The Louwman Museum in The Hague, the Netherlands, features one of the most impressive private car collections in the world. Several hundred cars are on show to teach you all about car history. The Louwman Museum offers a wide collection that includes everything from antique and classic cars to Formula 1 racing cars and hybrids. Since 1934, two generations of the Louwman family have assembled a unique collection of cars. The present Louwman Museum was designed to display the collection to the public. It was festively opened in 2010. The collection leads you from horse and wagon to the first self-propelled vehicles. It also takes you past the luxury cars from the end of the 19th century, post-war "affordable cars" and the first racing cars. Some of the Louwman Museum's highlights include unique specimens such as the boat-car, the beach-car and the swan-car as well as famous cars such as James Bond's Aston Martin from the film Goldfinger and the customised Cadillac Fleetwood of Elvis Presley.