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#420 Devil's Home - Wai-O-Tapu Thermal Wonderland (New Zealand)

20021118-67 Devil's Home - Wai-O-Tapu Thermal Wonderland (New Zealand).jpg #421 Wai-O-Tapu Thermal Wonderland (New Zealand)Thumbnails#418 Wai-O-Tapu Thermal Wonderland (New Zealand)

The Devil’s Home, a collapsed crater caused by ground acid action. Beneath the ground is a system of streams which are heated by magma left over from earlier eruptions. The water can reach temperatures of up to 300°c and the steam eventually dissolves the ground above, resulting in a crater.

Wai-O-Tapu (Māori for "sacred waters") is an active geothermal area at the southern end of the Okataina Volcanic Centre, just north of the Reporoa caldera, in New Zealand's Taupo Volcanic Zone. It is 27 kilometres south of Rotorua. The area has many hot springs noted for their colourful appearance, in addition to the Lady Knox Geyser, Champagne Pool, Artist's Palette, Primrose Terrace and boiling mud pools. The geothermal area covers 18 square kilometres. Prior to European occupation the area was the homeland of the Ngati Whaoa tribe who descended from those on the Arawa waka (canoe). The area has a long history as a tourist attraction. While the area has been protected as a scenic reserve since 1931, a tourist operation occupies part of the reserve under a concession. It operates under the name "Wai-O-Tapu Thermal Wonderland"

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Matthijs van Wageningen
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