The Asiatic Lion (also known as the Indian Lion or Persian Lion) is a lion subspecies that exists as a single population in India's Gujarat state.
It is listed as Endangered by IUCN due its small population size. The Asiatic Lion is one of five big cat species found in India, apart from Bengal Tiger, Indian Leopard, Snow Leopard and Clouded Leopard. It formerly occurred in Persia, Palestine, Mesopotamia, Baluchistan, from Sindh in the west to Bengal in the east, and from Rampur and Rohilkund in the north to Nerbudda in the south. It differs from the African Lion by less inflated auditory bullae, a larger tail tuft and a less developed mane.