North American P-51D Mustang (H-307) as used by the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army Air Force (ML-KNIL)
at the Military Aviation Museum, Kamp Zeist (the Netherlands)
The North American P-51 Mustang was an American long-range, single-seat fighter and fighter-bomber used during World War II, the Korean War and other conflicts. The Mustang was conceived, designed and built by North American Aviation (NAA) in response to a specification issued directly to NAA by the British Purchasing Commission. The prototype NA-73X airframe was rolled out on 9 September 1940, 102 days after the contract was signed and, with an engine installed, first flew on 26 October 1940. A total of 8156 P-51Ds were built: 6502 at Inglewood, 1454 at Dallas,
both in the United States, and 200 by the Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation (CAC) at Fisherman's Bend, Melbourne, Australia.
The Royal Netherlands East Indies Army Air Force (Militaire Luchtvaart van het Koninklijk Nederlands-Indisch Leger or ML-KNIL)
received 40 P-51Ds and flew them during the Indonesian National Revolution, particularly at two 'politionele acties' (police actions):
Operation Product from 21 July until 5 August 1947 and Operation Kraai (Crow) from December 1948 until January 1949.
When the conflict was over, Indonesia received some of the ML-KNIL Mustangs.