Welcome sign to the 'Militaire Luchtvaart Museum' (MLM) or Military Aviation Museum at Kamp Zeist (Camp Zeist), the Netherlands.
The Militaire Luchtvaart Museum (MLM) is located at Kamp Zeist (Camp Zeist) near the former Soesterberg Air Base. It is the official museum of the Royal Netherlands Air Force. During 2006 it was decided by the Ministry of Defence to merge three military museums in the Netherlands into one Defence Museum, to be located at the former Soesterberg Air Base. The new Nationaal Militair Museum (NMM) was opened in December 2013.
Soesterberg Air Base (EHSB) was a Royal Netherlands Air Force military airbase located in Soesterberg, 14 kilometres (about 8 mi) east-northeast
of Utrecht. It was first established as an airfield in 1911, and in 1913, the Dutch Army bought the field and established the Army Aviation Division. For almost 40 years, United States Air Force facilities at Soesterberg, named Camp New Amsterdam was a major front line USAFE airbase during the Cold War. With the end of the Cold War, a major force draw-down occurred in Europe, the USAF reduced its fighter force structure. These changes affected the 32nd Tactical Fighter Squadron, as part of the draw-down, the squadron's F-15 Eagles returned to the United States. The American part of Soesterberg was returned to the Netherlands government on 27 September 1994. Only one F-15A remains in the Netherlands, and is displayed at the Military Aviation Museum. The base itself was closed on 31 December 2008, due to the Dutch Defence budget cuts.