Guanaco at the Artis Royal Zoo (also known as Natura Artis Magistra), Amsterdam (Holland)
Guanacos are graceful animals related to camels. They live throughout South America in dry, open country in the mountains or on the plains. Guanacos have a calm attitude, so people started to domesticate them for use as pack animals. The result is the llama of today, which is the domesticated version of the Guanaco - llamas don't exist in the wild. Another branch of the family tree is the Alpaca, which is also a type of domesticated Guanaco raised for its soft wool. The colour varies very little (unlike the domestic llama), ranging from a light brown to
dark cinnamon and shading to white underneath. Guanacos have grey faces and small straight ears. The name Guanaco comes from
the South American language Quechua word wanaku (old spelling, huanaco). Young Guanacos are called Chulengo(s).