The largest and probably most well-known Gloriette is in the Schönbrunn Palace Garden in Vienna, Austria. Built in 1775 as the last building constructed in the garden according to the plans of Austrian imperial architect Johann Ferdinand Hetzendorf von Hohenberg as a "temple of renown" to serve as both a focal point and a lookout point for the garden, it was used as a dining hall and festival hall as well as a breakfast room for emperor Franz Joseph I. The dining hall, which was used up until the end of the monarchy, today has a café in it, and on the roof an observation platform overlooks Vienna. The Gloriette's decorative sculptures were made by the famous Salzburg sculptor Johann Baptist Hagenauer.
The Gloriette was destroyed in the Second World War, but had already been restored by 1947, and was restored again in 1995.
The attic below the roof bears the inscription:
IOSEPHO II. AVGVSTO ET MARIA THERESIA AVGVSTA IMPERANTIB. ERECT. CIƆIƆCCLXXV
"Erected under the reign of Emperor Joseph II and Empress Maria Theresa, 1775"
The way of writing of the year uses a Latinization of the Greek letter Φ (phi) for 1000. In Ancient Rome it was also common to represent
the number 1000 by the Greek letter phi (CIƆ) instead of M. The same for 500, which is a half phi (IƆ) instead of D.
An essential part of the inscription is the addition of AVGVSTO and AVGVSTA, used as a link to the first Roman emperor and state god AVGVSTVS (Augustus) by his heirs and successors as finally the Habsburgs in their functions as emperors of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation.
- Matthijs van Wageningen
- Created on
- Sunday 4 December 2005
- Austria, Gloriette, holiday, inscription, Johann Baptist Hagenauer, Johann Ferdinand Hetzendorf von Hohenberg, Latinization, Schloß, Schloss, Schloss Schönbrunn, Schönbrunn, sculpture, Vienna, Wien
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