20050709-030 Scimitar Oryx - Zoo Leipzig (Germany).jpg #1738 Lions - Zoo Leipzig (Germany)Thumbnails#1736 Grévy's Zebra - Zoo Leipzig (Germany)
Scimitar Oryx at Zoo Leipzig, also known as "Leipzig Zoological Garden" (Germany)

The Scimitar Oryx or Scimitar-horned Oryx, also known as the Sahara Oryx, is a species of Oryx once widespread across North Africa which went extinct in the wild in 2000. It has a long taxonomic history since its discovery in 1816 by Lorenz Oken, who named it the Oryx Algazel. Its coat is white with a red-brown chest and black markings on the forehead and down the length of the nose. The coat reflects the sun's rays, while the black portions and the tip of the tongue provide protection against sunburn. The white coat helps to reflect the heat of the desert. Calves are born with yellow coats and lack distinguishing marks, which appear later in life. The Scimitar Oryx was once widespread in northern Africa. Its decline began as a result of climate change, and later it was hunted extensively for its horns. Today, it is bred in captivity in special reserves in Tunisia, Morocco and Senegal. The Scimitar Oryx was domesticated in Ancient Egypt and is believed to have been used as food and sacrificed as offerings to gods. Wealthy people in Ancient Rome also bred them. The use of their valuable hides began in the Middle Ages. The unicorn myth may have originated from sightings of a Scimitar Oryx with a broken horn.
Exif Metadata
OLYMPUS CORPORATION C770UZ
f/3.7
63 mm
1/400 s
64
0.0 EV
no, mode: supressed
Maker
OLYMPUS CORPORATION
Model
C770UZ
Date Time of Original
2005:07:09 16:53:29
Aperture Number
3.7
Exposure compensation
0.0 EV
Exposure Time
1/400 s
Flash
no, mode: supressed
ISO
64
Focal Length
63 mm
White Balancing
auto
Exposure Mode
auto
Exposure Metering Mode
pattern
Exposure Program
creative
Light Source
unknown
Contrast
normal
Saturation
normal
Sharpness
normal