Llamas at the Artis Royal Zoo, Amsterdam (Holland)
The Llama is a domesticated South American camelid, widely used as a meat and pack animal by Andean cultures since pre-Hispanic times.
The height of a full-grown, full-size llama is about 1,8 metre (6.0 ft) tall at the top of the head, and can weigh between 130 and 200 kg
(280 to 450 lb). At birth, a baby llama (called a cria) can weigh between 9 and 14 kg (20 and 30 lb). Llamas typically live for 15-25 years,
with some individuals surviving 30 years or more. They are very social animals and live with other llamas as a herd. The wool produced by a llama
is very soft and lanolin-free. Llamas are intelligent and can learn simple tasks after a few repetitions. When using a pack, they can carry
about 25% to 30% of their body weight for 8–13 km (5–8 miles). The name llama (in the past also spelled "lama" or "glama")
was adopted by European settlers from native Peruvians.