St. Patrick's Cathedral (Church of Ireland) the Cathedral and Metropolitan Church of the United Provinces of Armagh and Tuam (Northern Ireland)
The St. Patrick's Cathedral in Armagh is the seat of the Archbishop of Armagh in the Church of Ireland.
It is also the cathedral of the Diocese of Armagh.
The origins of the cathedral are related to the construction of a stone church in 445 on the Druim Saileach (Willow Ridge) hill by Saint Patrick, around which a monastic community developed. The church was and is the centre of the Church of Ireland. Following the Henrician Reformation in Ireland the cathedral became increasingly associated with the then Established Church and has been definitively in Anglican hands since the reign of Elizabeth I. A Roman Catholic cathedral was built on a neighbouring hill in the nineteenth century. Cordial relations exist between both cathedrals.
The church itself has been destroyed and rebuilt 17 times. In 832, the church suffered at the hands of Danish invaders, and a lightning strike
in 995 caused a fire that left it without a roof for 130 years. It was substantially restored between 1834 and 1840 by Archbishop
Lord John George Beresford and the architect Lewis Nockalls Cottingham. The fabric remains that of the mediaeval (and earlier – in particular
the crypt ) buildings but much is restored. While Cottingham was heavy-handed in his restoration the researches of
Thomas George Farquhar Paterson and Janet Myles in the late twentieth century have shown the restoration to have been notably
antiquarian for its time. The tracery of the nave windows in particular are careful restorations as is the copy of the font. Many other Celtic
and mediaeval carvings are to be seen within the cathedral which is also rich in eighteenth and nineteenth century sculpture.
There are works by Chantry, Roubiliac, Rysbrack, Mirochetti and others.