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#5327 Garibaldi - Artis Royal Zoo Amsterdam (Holland)

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Garibaldi at the Artis Royal Zoo (also known as Natura Artis Magistra), Amsterdam (Holland)

The Garibaldi or Garibaldi Damselfish is a species of bright orange fish in the damselfish family. Garibaldis occur in the subtropical northeastern part of the Pacific Ocean. The common name is a reference to the Italian military and political figure Giuseppe Garibaldi, whose followers often wore a characteristic scarlet or red shirt. As is the case in all damselfish, male Garibaldis aggressively defend the nest site after the female lays eggs. They are the largest member of the damselfish family and can grow up to 38 centimetres (15 inches) in length. Juveniles are more reddish, and have many small iridescent blue spots, which they lose as they become adult. Adult Garibaldis also have a more opaque tail and dorsal fin. The Garibaldi is the official marine state fish of California and is protected in Californian coastal waters. This species is native to the north-eastern subtropical parts of the Pacific Ocean, ranging from Monterey Bay, California, to Guadalupe Island, Baja California.

Matthijs van Wageningen
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